Banyumasan Ebeg Tradition in Cilacap District

Resdati Resdati, Annas Pattaray, Sardjana Orba Manullang



This research is motivated by the facts in the community of Bantar Village, Wanareja District, Cilacap Regency, which has a unique tradition known as Ebeg Banyumasan. To focus this research, a problem formulation is made. The formulation of the problem is the history of the Banyumasan Ebeg Tradition, the process of performing the Banyumasan Ebeg Tradition, and how the community’s perception of the Banyumasan Ebeg Tradition in Bantar Village, Wanareja District, Cilacap Regency. This study aimed to determine the history of the Banyumasan Ebeg Tradition, select the process of performing the Banyumasan Ebeg Tradition, and determine the public perception of the Banyumasan Ebeg Tradition in Bantar Village, Wanareja District, Cilacap Regency. This study uses the Structural-Functional Theory from Talcott Parson. In theory, there are 4 schemes, namely AGIL. Researchers also use the Structural Theory of Robert K. Merton. In addition, using the Sociological Imagination Theory or Sociological Imagination. Finally, the researcher uses Karl Marx’s Critical Approach Theory. This study uses a descriptive method with a qualitative approach. A descriptive method is used to describe or describe phenomena in society. The type of data in this study is qualitative. Data collection techniques used were observation, interviews, and documentation. The research results state that the Banyumasan Ebeg Tradition is a tradition created by Sunan Kalijaga and perfected by Pangeran Diponegoro. The performance process of the Banyumasan Ebeg Tradition is gendingan, opening, calling the Banyumasan Ebeg dancer, dancing, resting dancers, dancing, janturan, and healing. The public perception of the Banyumasan Ebeg Tradition is that most Bantar Village people like the Banyumasan Ebeg Tradition. The majority of people in Bantar Village, Wanareja District, Cilacap Regency positively perceive this Ebeg Tradition.

 Keyword: Tradition, Ebeg Banyumasan, Bantar Village Wanareja District Cilacap  Regency



Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh fakta pada masyarakat Desa Bantar Kecamatan Wanareja Kabupaten Cilacap yang memiliki keunikan tradisi yang dikenal dengan Ebeg Banyumasan. Untuk memfokuskan penelitian ini, maka dibuatlah rumusan masalah. Rumusan masalah adalah sejarah Tradisi Ebeg Banyumasan, proses pelaksanaan Tradisi Ebeg Banyumasan, dan bagaimana persepsi masyarakat terhadap Tradisi Ebeg Banyumasan di Desa Bantar Kecamatan Wanareja Kabupaten Cilacap. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui sejarah Tradisi Ebeg Banyumasan, memilih proses pelaksanaan Tradisi Ebeg Banyumasan, dan mengetahui persepsi masyarakat terhadap Tradisi Ebeg Banyumasan di Desa Bantar Kecamatan Wanareja Kabupaten Cilacap. Penelitian ini menggunakan Teori Struktural-Fungsional dari Talcott Parson. Secara teori ada 4 skema yaitu AGIL. Peneliti juga menggunakan Teori Struktural dari Robert K. Merton. Selain itu, menggunakan Teori Imajinasi Sosiologis atau Sociological Imagination. Terakhir, peneliti menggunakan Teori Pendekatan Kritis Karl Marx. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Metode deskriptif digunakan untuk menggambarkan atau menggambarkan fenomena yang ada di masyarakat. Jenis data dalam penelitian ini adalah kualitatif. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian menyatakan bahwa Tradisi Ebeg Banyumasan merupakan tradisi yang diciptakan oleh Sunan Kalijaga dan disempurnakan oleh Pangeran Diponegoro. Proses pertunjukan Tradisi Ebeg Banyumasan adalah gendingan, pembukaan, pemanggilan penari Ebeg Banyumasan, menari, penari istirahat, menari, janturan, dan penyembuhan. Persepsi masyarakat terhadap Tradisi Ebeg Banyumasan adalah sebagian besar masyarakat Desa Bantar menyukai Tradisi Ebeg Banyumasan. Mayoritas masyarakat di Desa Bantar Kecamatan Wanareja Kabupaten Cilacap memandang positif Tradisi Ebeg ini.

Kata kunci: Adat, Ebeg Banyumasan, Desa Bantar Kecamatan Wanareja Kabupaten Cilacap


Tradition, Ebeg Banyumasan, Bantar Village Wanareja District Cilacap Regency

Full Text:



Egbekpalu, P. E. 2021. Aristotelian Concept of Happiness (Eudaimonia) and its Conative Role in Human Existence: A Critical Evaluation. Conatus-Journal of Philosophy, 6(2), 75-86.

Fatmawati, E. 2021. Strategies to Grow a Proud Attitude towards Indonesian Cultural Diversity. Linguistics and Culture Review, 5(S1), 810-820.

Firdaus, F., Anggreta, D. K., & Yasin, F. 2020. Internalizing Multiculturalism Values through Education: Anticipatory Strategies for Multicultural Problems and Intolerance in Indonesia. Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, 22(1), 131-141.

Floridi, L., Cowls, J., Beltrametti, M., Chatila, R., Chazerand, P., Dignum, V., ... & Vayena, E. 2018. AI4People—An Ethical Framework for a Good AI Society: Opportunities, Risks, Principles, and Recommendations. Minds and Machines, 28(4), 689-707.

Huda, M. 2021. Sociological Aspects of Multicultural Islamic Religious Education. Al-Insyiroh: Jurnal Studi Keislaman, 7(2), 122-143.

Iye, R., Nurlatu, J., Susiati, S., Taufik, T., Harziko, H., & Abida, F. I. N. 2022. The Symbolic Meaning of Wedding Offerings in Buru Island. Sang Pencerah: Jurnal Ilmiah Universitas Muhammadiyah Buton, 8(1), 202-209.

Lumintang, S. P. N. I. 2021. Lordship and Humanity Principles for the Peace of Indonesia: An Integrative Study of Theology and Ideology. Analisa: Journal of Social Science and Religion, 6(02), 199-216.

Marcus, W., & Watkins, E. 2020. Kant on Cognition and Knowledge. Synthese, 197(8), 3195-3213.

Ma’ruf, M. Z. 2018. How Middle Class Settlers in Surabaya from West Java Blend. Indonesian Journal of Social Sciences Volume, 10(2), 12-18.

Pakuna, H. B., Hunowu, M. A., & Obie, M. 2020. Traditional Wisdom of Peasant Community and its Integration on Islamic Order in Molamahu Village of Gorontalo Regency-Indonesia. EAS Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies, 2(2), 81-86.

Pallotti, D. 2022. ‘The Present of Thinges Past’: Notes on Tradition. Journal of Early Modern Studies, 11, XV-XXV.

Pastorino, C. 2020. Beyond recipes: The Baconian Natural and Experimental Histories as an Epistemic Genre. Centaurus, 62(3), 447-464.

Rahman, F., & Letlora, P. S. (2018). Cultural Preservation: Rediscovering the Endangered Oral Tradition of Maluku (A Case Study on Kapata of Central Maluku). Advances in language and literary studies, 9(2), 91-97.

Razak, A. Q. A., Suyurno, S. S., & Nordin, R. 2020. The ‘Umrānic Thoughts of Ibn Khaldūn and Its Contributions to the Studies of Islamic Sociology and Civilization. Afkar-Jurnal Akidah & Pemikiran Islam, 113-136.

Rottner, R. M. 2021. Feeling Left Out: Revising Business School History and Inserting Lyrical Sociology. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 20(3), 423-441.

Sari, D. P., & Samsuri, S. 2020. Sustaining Wisdom Local Culture Lampung through Festival Krakatau. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 7(11), 258-265.

Setiohastorahmanto, P., Soetomo, S., & Sardjono, A. B. 2018. The Transcendent Meaning of Traditional Architecture (Traditional Ethnography of Kalang in Traditional Architecture Limasan in Kendal District-Central Java-Indonesia). Researchers World, 9(4), 11-21.

Shin, C., Tuah, D., & Yusriadi, Y. 2022. An Initial Qualitative Exploration of Economic, Cultural, and Language Changes in Telok Melano, Sarawak, Malaysia. Sustainability, 14(5), 2655.

Sholehuddin, M. S., Munjin, M., & Adinugraha, H. H. (2021). Islamic Tradition and Religious Culture in Halal Tourism: Empirical Evidence from Indonesia. IBDA: Jurnal Kajian Islam Dan Budaya, 19(1), 79-100.

Siradjuddin, Z. 2020. Raising Local Architecture Identity through “Gotong-Royong” Work in Bajo Settings in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Advances in Applied Sociology, 10(06), 236.

Sujarwo, W., Caneva, G., & Zuccarello, V. 2019. Patterns of Plant Use in Religious Offerings in Bali (Indonesia). Acta Botanica Brasilica, 34, 40-53.

Sukiman, S. 2021. The Ecological Theology of the Indonesian Gayo Tribe: The Integration of Tawhīd Values into their Trade Tradition. Afkaruna: Indonesian Interdisciplinary Journal of Islamic Studies, 17(2), 316-335.

van Noordwijk, M., Speelman, E., Hofstede, G. J., Farida, A., Abdurrahim, A. Y., Miccolis, A., ... & Teuling, A. J. 2020. Sustainable Agroforestry Landscape Management: Changing the Game. Land, 9(8), 243.

Widayat, R., Saat, M. K. M., Adi, S. P., & Mataram, S. 2020. The Aesthetics and Meaning of Traditional Paintings: Forbidden Wealth (Pesugihan) by Tjitro Waloejo in Surakarta. Wacana Seni Journal of Arts Discourse, 19.

Woodward, M. 2019. Religious Pluralism in Bali Premodern and Contemporary Perspectives. Aqlam: Journal of Islam and Plurality, 4(2).



  • There are currently no refbacks.



View my State


International Journal of Demos (IJD) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.