Analysis of the Interest of the Chinese Government in the Xinjiang Region in the Uyghur Muslim Ethnic Conflict

Nurhidayati Nurhidayati, Riva Rahayu, Tituk Utari, Nurhamzah Nurhamzah, Muhsin Efendi, Fakhry Amin

Abstract


Abstract

Muslims in China are one of the minority ethnic groups that still exist today. Ethnic Hui and Uyghurs are among China’s most significant ethnic minority Muslims. The Uyghur Ethnic Conflict was based on discrimination by the Chinese government against Uyghur Muslims, which later led to anarchic acts and policies of persecution of the Chinese government towards Uyghur ethnicity. This study looks at the interests of the Chinese state government in the Xinjiang region in the occurrence of Uyghur Muslim ethnic conflicts. The approach used in this research is qualitative. Then the data used in this study comes from various research results and previous studies that are still related to the Uyghur Muslim ethnic conflict. This study found that the Uyghur Muslim ethnic group in Xinjian felt injustice, so they asked the Chinese government to separate Xinjian from China. Then this conflict is getting worse because the Chinese government uses violence and violates human rights. Despite getting a lot of criticism from various parts of the world, China still carries out this repression for its economic purposes.

Keywords: Uyghur Muslims, China, Interest, Ethnic Conflict, Xinjiang.

 

Abstrak

Muslim di China merupakan salah satu etnis minoritas yang masih eksis hingga saat ini. Etnis Hui dan Uyghur adalah salah satu etnis minoritas Muslim paling signifikan di China. Konflik Etnis Uyghur didasari oleh diskriminasi yang dilakukan pemerintah China terhadap Muslim Uyghur, yang kemudian berujung pada tindakan anarkis dan kebijakan persekusi pemerintah China terhadap etnis Uyghur. Penelitian ini melihat kepentingan pemerintah negara China di wilayah Xinjiang dalam terjadinya konflik etnis Muslim Uyghur. Pendekatan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah kualitatif. Kemudian data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini berasal dari berbagai hasil penelitian dan penelitian sebelumnya yang masih terkait dengan konflik etnis Muslim Uyghur. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa kelompok etnis Muslim Uyghur di Xinjian merasakan ketidakadilan, sehingga mereka meminta pemerintah China untuk memisahkan Xinjian dari China. Kemudian konflik ini semakin parah karena pemerintah China menggunakan kekerasan dan melanggar hak asasi manusia. Meski mendapat banyak kritik dari berbagai belahan dunia, China tetap melakukan represi ini untuk kepentingan ekonominya.

Kata kunci: Muslim Uyghur, Cina, Kepentingan, Konflik Etnis, Xinjiang.


Keywords


Uyghur Muslims, China, Interest, Ethnic Conflict, Xinjiang.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abhishek, K., Srivastava, A., Vimal, V., Gupta, A. K., Bhujbal, S. K., Biswas, J. K., ... & Kumar, M. (2022). Biochar application for greenhouse gas mitigation, contaminants immobilization and soil fertility enhancement: A state-of-the-art review. Science of The Total Environment, 158562.

Anand, D. (2019). Colonization with Chinese characteristics: politics of (in) security in Xinjiang and Tibet. Central Asian Survey, 38(1), 129-147.

Bennett, N. J., Blythe, J., White, C. S., & Campero, C. (2021). Blue growth and blue justice: Ten risks and solutions for the ocean economy. Marine Policy, 125, 104387.

Cho, H. S., & Mosselson, J. (2018). Neoliberal practices amidst social justice orientations: Global citizenship education in South Korea. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 48(6), 861-878.

Eroglu Sager, Z. H. (2021). A place under the Sun: Chinese Muslim (Hui) identity and the constitutional movement in Republican China. Modern China, 47(6), 825-858.

Hanafi, Y., & Thoriquttyas, T. (2019). The Resolution Of Social Conflict In The National Constitution And Islamic Perspectives: Integrating Formal and Non-Formal Approaches. Al-Tahrir: Jurnal Pemikiran Islam, 18(2), 283-394.

Haramain, M. (2021). Peaceful Da’wah and Religious Conflicts in Contemporary Indonesia. KURIOSITAS: Media Komunikasi Sosial Dan Keagamaan, 14(2), 208-223.

Hunsberger, C., & Larsen, R. K. (2021). The spatial politics of energy conflicts: How competing constructions of scale shape pipeline and shale gas struggles in Canada. Energy Research & Social Science, 77, 102100.

Itasari, E. R. (2021). Legal Protection of Uighur Muslim Ethnics in China from Perspective Human Rights. Lambung Mangkurat Law Journal, 6(1), 26-40.

Kasim, M. (2021). Chinese Oppressive Policies Towards the Muslims in East Turkistan. Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, 41(1), 62-77.

Klein, A. (2019). From Twitter to Charlottesville: Analyzing the fighting words between the alt-right and Antifa. International Journal of Communication, 13, 22.

Leibold, J. (2020). Surveillance in China’s Xinjiang region: Ethnic sorting, coercion, and inducement. Journal of Contemporary China, 29(121), 46-60.

Lin, C., & Jackson, L. (2021). Make China great again: The blood-based view of Chineseness in Hong Kong. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 53(9), 907-919.

Peralta García, L., & Ouariachi, T. (2021). Syrian journalists covering the war: Assessing perceptions of fear and security. Media, War & Conflict, 1750635221999377.

Selvanathan, H. P., Lickel, B., & Jetten, J. (2021). Collective psychological ownership and the rise of reactionary counter‐movements defending the status quo. British Journal of Social Psychology, 60(2), 587-609.

Tu, Q., Betz, R., Mo, J., Fan, Y., & Liu, Y. (2018). Can carbon pricing support onshore wind power development in China? An assessment based on a large sample project dataset. Journal of cleaner production, 198, 24-36.

Wang, P., Qin, C., & Liu, S. (2022). Relative deprivation, perceived status conflict and innovative behavior of outsourced employees: multiple moderating effects of dual organizational support. Personnel Review.

Wang, W. (2022). On the Historical Background and Ideological Resources of the Confluence of Islam and Confucianism. Religions, 13(8), 748.

Wang, Y. (2021). Prospects for Covenantal Pluralism in the People’s Republic of China: A Reflection on State Policy and Muslim Minorities. The Review of Faith & International Affairs, 19(2), 14-28.

Woo, P., Easthope, R., & Kyung-Sup, C. (2020). China’s ethnic minority and neoliberal developmental citizenship: Yanbian Koreans in perspective. Citizenship Studies, 24(7), 918-933.

Wroldsen, K. J. (2021). Let Confucianism and Islam work together: bargaining for a distinct Muslim identity in local propaganda literature. Asian Ethnicity, 1-24.

Yakimova, R., Owens, M., & Freeman, S. (2021). The ‘visible hand’behind cooperation in franchising: A model of franchisor practices that influence cooperation within social networks. Industrial Marketing Management, 94, 66-89.

Young, M. (2020). Capital, class and the social necessity of passenger air transport. Progress in Human Geography, 44(5), 938-958.

Zelcer-Lavid, M. (2022). “Green-Colored Uyghur Poet”: Religion, Nostalgia, and Identity in Contemporary Uyghur Poetry. Modern China, 48(4), 846-877.

Zhang, Y., & Buzan, B. (2020). China and the global reach of human rights. The China Quarterly, 241, 169-190.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.37950/ijd.v4i3.336

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

 

View my State

 

International Journal of Demos (IJD) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.