Analisis Kausalitas dan Probabilitas Faktor Penyebab Terorisme Perempuan dan Anak: Korban atau Pelaku?

Chelsea Amelia Purba, Muhamad Syauqillah

Abstract


Abstract

This study aims to analyze the causality and mobility of the causes of terrorism committed by women and children, whether they fall into the category of perpetrators or victims. Type and design this research is a type of correlational analytical qualitative research with a cross-sectional approach to see the relationship between radicalism, terrorism and extremism that results in the safety of women and children. The purpose of this study is to find out and analyze the reasons behind the occurrence of acts of terrorism that have a major impact on women and children. The results of this study show that women and children have a large role as a tool of terrorism to facilitate their actions, the main causes that occur ranging from religious deviations, misleading doctrines of religious teachers, and understanding radicalism by perpetrators with economic motives, justice motives, situational motives, social motives, superority motives, actualization motives.

Keywords: Female; Terrorism; Children.

 

Abstrak

Penelitian ini memiliki tujuan untuk menganalsis kausalitas dan orabbilitas factor penyebab terorisme yang dilakukan kalangan perempuan dan anak-anak, apakah mereka masuk kategori pelaku atau korban. Jenis dan Rancangan Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian kualitatif analitik korelasional dengan pendekatan cross sectional untuk melihat hubungan antara radikalisme, terorisme dan ekstremisme yang berakibat kepada keselamatan perempuan dan anak-anak. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui serta menganalisis yang melatarbelakangi terjadinya aksi terorime yang berimbas besar kepada kaum perempuan dan anak-anak. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa kaum perempuan dan anak-anak memiliki peran yang besar sebagai alat terorisme untuk memperlancar aksinya, penyebab utama yang terjadi mulai dari penyimpangan agama, doktrin-doktrik guru agama yang menyesatkan, dan pemahaman radikalisme oleh pelaku dengan motif ekonomi, motif keadilan, motif situasional, motif sosial, motif superoritas, motif aktualisasi.

Kata Kunci: Perempuan; Terorisme; Anak-Anak.


Keywords


Female; Terrorism; Children.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Achmad, A. D., Qotadah, H. A., Aziz, M. S. A., & Al Anshary, A. A. (2021). Peran Perempuan dalam Pencegahan Kekerasan Terorisme dan Radikalisme. ADLIYA: Jurnal Hukum dan Kemanusiaan, 15, 1-16.

Affianty, D. (2017). Perempuan dalam Kelompok Jihadis dan Terorisme. Reformulasi Ajaran Islam: Jihad, Khilafah dan Terorisme (hal. 340–350). Mizan Pustaka.

Amelia, F., Widodo, P., & Budiarto, A. (2020). Motivasi Wanita sebagai Pelaku Aksi Terorisme di Indonesia. Peperangan Asimetris, 6(1).

Banks, C. (2019). Introduction: Women, Gender, and Terrorism: Gendering terrorism. Women & Criminal Justice, 29(4-5), 181-187.

Bloom, M. (2007). Female Suicide Bombers: A Global Trend. Daedalus, 136(1), 94-102.

Bohleber, W. (2018). Collective Phantasms, Destructiveness, and Terrorism. In Violence or Dialogue? (pp. 111-130). Routledge.

Cohen-Louck, K. (2019). Perception of the Threat of Terrorism. Journal of interpersonal violence, 34(5), 887-911.

Cubilié, A. (2022). Women Witnessing Terror. In Women Witnessing Terror. Fordham University Press.

Dalimoenthe, I. (2021). Sosiologi Gender. Bumi Aksara.

De Leede, S. (2018). Women in Jihad: A Historical Perspective. International Centre for Counter-Terrorism.

Guay, F., Chanal, J., Ratelle, C. F., Marsh, H. W., Larose, S., & Boivin, M. (2010). Intrinsic, Identified, and Controlled Types of Motivation for School Subjects in Young Elementary School Children. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 80(4), 711-735.

Hines, D. A., & Douglas, E. M. (2018). Influence of Intimate Terrorism, Situational Couple Violence, and Mutual Violent Control on Male Victims. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 19(4), 612.

Kruglanski, A. W., Chen, X., Dechesne, M., Fishman, S., & Orehek, E. (2009). Fully Committed: Suicide Bombers' Motivation and the Quest for Personal Significance. Political Psychology, 30(3), 331-357.

Martini, A. (2018). Making Women Terrorists into “Jihadi Brides”: An Analysis of media Narratives on Women Joining ISIS. Critical Studies on Terrorism, 11(3), 458-477.

Muzakar, A. (2017). Gerakan Sosial: Telaah Aksi Perlawanan Pengamen. Hikam Pustaka.

Nnam, M. U., Arua, M. C., & Otu, M. S. (2018). The Use of Women and Children in Suicide Bombing by the Boko Haram Terrorist Group in Nigeria. Aggression and violent behavior, 42, 35-42.

Nwangwu, C., & Ezeibe, C. (2019). Femininity is Not Inferiority: Women-Led Civil Society Organizations and “Countering Violent Extremism” in Nigeria. International Feminist Journal of Politics, 21(2), 168-193.

Purwastuti, L. (2011). Perlindungan Hukum terhadap Anak dalam Kejahatan Terorisme. Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Jambi, 2(3), 43269.

Setiawan, H. H., Wardianti, A., Yusuf, I., & Azikin, A. (2020). Anak sebagai Pelaku Terorisme dalam Perspektif Ekologi SosiaL. Sosio Informa: Kajian Permasalahan Sosial dan Usaha Kesejahteraan Sosial, 6(3), 252-263.

Shapiro, L. R., & Maras, M. H. (2019). Women’s Radicalization to Religious Terrorism: An Examination of ISIS Cases in the United States. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 42(1-2), 88-119.

Shechory-Bitton, M., & Cohen-Louck, K. (2018). Does Fear of Terrorism Differ from Fear of Crime and Sexual Assault: A Question of Geographical Location and Residential Area. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 62(3), 806-826.

Sholukhah, R., & Wahyudi, F. E. (2019). Perempuan dan Terorisme: Ketidakhadiran Fenomena Female Suicide Terrorism (Fst) Di Indonesia Tahun 2009-2015. Journal of International Relations, 5(3), 573-579.

Sulistjaningsih, S., & Mukhlasin, L. (2019). Re-Education: A Treatment to Revise the Misunderstanding of Terrorist Religion, A Study Case on First Female Terrorist in Indonesia. Empati: Jurnal Ilmu Kesejahteraan Sosial, 8(2), 92-108.

Taskarina, L. (2018). Perempuan dan Terorisme-Kisah Perempuan dalam Kejahatan Terorisme. Elex Media Komputindo.

Taufiqurochman, M. (2021). Jejaring Kebijakan BNPT dalam Sinergitas Program Deradikalisasi. Journal of Terrorism Studies, 3(2), 4.

Vanaik, A. (2013). Capitalist Globalisation and the Problem of Stability: enter the new quintet and other emerging powers. Third World Quarterly, 34(2), 194-213.

Walzer, M. (2019). Terrorism: A Critique of Excuses. In Problems of International Justice (pp. 237-247). Routledge.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.37950/ijd.v4i4.344

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

 

View my State

 

International Journal of Demos (IJD) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.